For many years the date of the date of the Exodus has been disputed and the issue has become a major discussion in the realms of Old Testament debate as some feel that issues such as biblical historicity rest upon the matter.
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There was no city there at the time Joshua supposedly conquered it." Some 30 years after her excavation of the site – indeed, 12 years after Kenyon’s death – the detailed evidence has now become available in the final report. Ancient Jericho is located at Tell es-Sultan, next to a copious spring on the western edge of the Jordan Valley, just north of the Dead Sea.
The site’s excellent water supply and favorable climate (especially in winter) have made it a desirable place to live from the very beginning of settled habitation.
If there was an exodus as the Bible states, then there was also a military conquest which followed it.
Both of these events (if they happened), should be discernible from the historical and archaeological record.
An early date in the 15th century around 1450 BCE and a late date in the 13th century around 1270 BCE. It would be fair to say that the main motivation for those who support an early date is the defence of this text which states: As we know that this temple was built in 966 BCE going back a further 480 years before that gives us an Exodus date of 1444 BCE.
Both sides believe their respective dates to fit in best with the main pieces of biblical, archaeological and other data which are discussed in this essay. Late date supporters must first remove or explain this obstacle before anything else.
If we follow the Pentateuch’s exact account, then we know that there was a 40 year interval between the exodus and conquest.
Because of the nature of the subject matter, it has been very difficult to condense the massive amounts of research about this into a blog format.
Most late date supporters suggest that 480 is arrived at by totalling different values for several periods which actually overlapped.