Archeological excavations, or “digs,” are conducted using very specific methods and rigorous vertical and horizontal spatial controls. Relative dating in archeology determines the age of cultural material in relation to other cultural material, but does not produce precise dates.
Without the ability to date archaeological sites and specific contexts within them, archaeologists would be unable to study cultural change and continuity over time.
Say you find 3 pots buried in the soil, one at 3 feet, one at 6 and one at 9.
These methods are employed to first locate and identify sites, features, and artifacts, and then to reconstruct the temporal associations, cultural histories, functions, and meanings of the same archeological material.
Survey: Survey accounts for the initial in-field investigations of a region, and aims to record artifacts, features, and site locations of archeological interest.
You can't tell the actual age of the pots, but you can put them on a timeline relative to each other. Now say you uncover an old cooking hearth full of charcoal.
You can take a piece of that charcoal and use carbon-14 dating on it to find out that it is 400 years old.
I am hoping someone could provide a couple of examples of Chronometric Vs relative dating...
I am hoping someone could provide a couple of examples of Chronometric Vs relative dating technologies so I can grasp this further..
These methods usually analyze physicochemical transformation phenomena whose rate are known or can be estimated relatively well.
Archeologists use a wide variety of methods to extract information from cultural and natural remains related to the human past.
This important new text compiles the work of some of today's most innovative archaeologists who summarize progress in their respective techniques over the last 30 years - with an emphasis on developments of the last five - and the status of current research.